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How to Change Minds

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I started to write a reference section, but didn't bother - instead, here is a large photo of most of the initial research (papers and books)

And here is the beginning of a sources section:

Emotions and the Microfoundations of the Arab Uprisings - Wendy Pearlman (Considering mostly Algeria, Egypt and Tunisia) When and why do enough others join the regular amount of small people defying political authority? Looking beyond "utility maximization" and "the inherent benefit of voicing dissent" (deeply held beliefs), emotions play a role, she finds, in shifting from fear, sadness and shame, which result in pessimistic assessment (which results in risk aversion and a low sense of control even accepting affronts to dignity) to anger, joy and pride, which result in optimistic assessment, risk acceptance, and feelings of personal efficacy.

Ten Reasons People Resist Change - Rosabeth Moss Kanter - Informative quick list of reasons. After reading, bought her book (en route) and plan to interview her.

Us and Them: Intergroup Failures of Empathy - Mina Cikara et al - "[W]e may feel secretly pleased" about misfortunes of an outgroup member, especially if you first remind of inferiority, failure. People relish rumors (m and f) and harm (m) if this is activated. Better response if perceived as cooperative or lower status. Tendency to react this way even if negative implications for self. Can be brought on by education (TV show, radio, workshop).

Helpful Only in the Abstract? - Jacquie Voraruer et al - Confusing article. But it is about the different ways people react to intergroup interactions, when empathy is involved (versus detached objectivity). While intergroup contact can have salutary effects, and so can empathy, both together can activate 'metastereotypes.' The paper didn't make the finding very clear.

What Motivates Participation in Violent Political Action - Jeremy Ginges et al - (Setting: Israel-Palestine) People do violent these actions not for monetary gain ("selective private incentives") and recoil from the suggestion of compensation for acts (family compensated), recoil increases with amount suggested. Also, it is less objectionable to delay a suicide attack to take care of an ill father than to save an entire family from a probably counterattack (moral obligations factor into decisions). There could, however, be some posturing, and considerations of reputation and status could be valued, or the narratives believed by the subjects answering may "imply not be true."

"For values to influence behavior, they must first be primed or activated and also be of central importance." and willingness to act violently correlated strongly, it seems, with conservatism scores.

Identity Work and Collective Action in a Repressive Context - Rachel Einwohner - (Setting: Warsaw Ghetto journals) Jews only acted against Germans when it became very clear they were going to die anyway, despite conditions. Gave up identity of "We are non-violent people" in taking on violence. Calls for violence strongest among young activists from a umber of political organizations and youth movements that pre-dated the war, which became 2 resistance organizations when debates turned towards violence. The article is mainly, though, about "identity work," "emotion work" in a forced (not freely chosen) setting.

This article is not yet written.


  pageloads since August 19 2017